P E R
KODABROMIDE Paper is a fast, graded-contrast, black-and white paper
with a fiber base. It is designed for commercial, industrial, professional,
and press photography applications. The paper is designed for enlarging,
but with reduced illumination, you can use it for contact printing.
It is available in F (contrast grades 1-5) surface in a variety of
sheet and roll sizes.
Neutral-black image tone
White fiber base
Exceptional print quality
Crisp, clean whites
Short exposure times
BASE AND SURFACE CHARACTERISTICS
*When ferrotyped. This paper dries with a smooth lustre when
dried on screens, blotters, or non-ferrotyping dryers.
|With this type of negative:
|| Use paper with
this grade number:
Very low contrast
Extremely low contrast or line work
Use a KODAK OC Safelight Filter (light amber) in a suitable safelight
lamp with a bulb of 15 watts or less at least 4 feet (1.2 metres) from
the paper. Minimize safelight exposure to avoid unwanted quality changes.
Be especially careful if you use other types of safelights.
See KODAK Publication No. K-4, How Safe Is Your Safelight?, for
information on safelight testing.
Note: Do not use a KODAK OA Safelight Filter (greenish
STORAGE AND HANDLING
Store paper in a cool; dry place (preferably at or below 70F [21C]
and at a relative humidity of 30 to 50 percent). High temperatures or high
humidity may produce undesirable changes. Always rewrap unused paper in
its original packaging (the outer box as well as the inner wrapper) to
protect it from light and moisture. Avoid or shield the paper from exposure
to radioactivity or x-rays.
Expose this paper with tungsten or tungsten-halogen enlarger lamps.
You can use other light sources, such as cool-white fluorescent lamps,
mercury-vapor lamps (cold light), or cathode-ray tubes. For best results,
make test prints to determine the exposure time for each light source.
ISO PAPER SPEED AND RANGE
Tray Processing-Processed in KODAK DEKTOL Developer (1:2) at
68F (20C) for 90 seconds.
Tray develop with continuous agitation at 68F (20C), using
the appropriate dilution and development time recommended in the following
Note: Machine processing of KODABROMIDE Paper is not recommended.
*Discard the solution when color changes to a purplish blue.
(8 x 10-inch
|Developer 68F (20C)
|Stop Bath-65 to 75F (18 to 24C)
|Fixer (single bath)t -65 to 75F (18 to 24C)
|Non-hardening fixer (for general printing and for toning):
Solution A (do not
use Solution B)
|Hardening fixers (for general printing):#
Rapid Fixer(Solution A and B)
|With Washing Aid-50 to 86F (10 to 30C):
|Hypo Clearing Agent
|Without Washing Aid-50 to 86F (10 to 30C):
tTo increase capacity, use two fixing baths.
#A hardening fixer may improve release on ferrotyping drums.
Bathe prints for at least 15 seconds at 65 to
75F (18 to 24C) with continuous agitation in KODAK EKTAFLO Stop Bath, KODAK
Indicator Stop Bath, or 48 mL KODAK 28% Acetic Acid and water to make 1
With EKTAFLO or Indicator Stop Bath, discard the
solution when the color changes to a purplish blue. Change Acetic Acid
and water stop bath after approximately twenty 8 x 10-inch prints per litre
(eighty 8 x 10-inch prints per gallon).
Fix prints at 65 to 75F (18 to 24C) with frequent
agitation. With KODAK POLYMAX T Fixer, KODAK Iapid Fixer (Solution A and
B), or KODAFIX Solution, if you use two fixing baths, fix prints for 21/2
minutes in each bath, draining for 5 seconds between baths. Fix for
5 minutes if you use a single bath.
With KODAK Fixer, if you use two fixing baths, fix
prints for 5 minutes in each bath, draining for 5 seconds between baths.
Fix for 10 minutes if you use a single bath.
Note: Using a hardening fixer makes toning
less efficient. For the same amount of processing time, you'll see less
of a toning effect.
Wash for one hour in running water at 50 to 86F
(10 to 30C), interleaving the prints carefully and
frequently. The wash-water flow rate should provide at least one complete
change of water in the container every 5 minutes. The KODAK Automatic Tray
Siphon provides proper movement and agitation during washing.
Avoid prolonged washing and soaking times to minimize
physical damage to the prints.
To reduce time and conserve water, use KODAK Hypo
Clearing Agent before washing. Transfer the prints, with or without a previous
rinse, to the clearing agent. Following the Hypo Clearing Agent, wash double-weight
prints for 20 minutes (single-weight prints for 10 minutes) with agitation
and normal water flow.
Remove as much surface water as possible from prints
and dry the prints in a dust-free place. Place prints face down on a cheesecloth,
fiberglass, or plastic screen racks; between photo blotters; or on a belt
For glossy prints made on F-surface paper, transfer
the wet prints directly from the wash to a ferrotype dryer (glazing machine)
or to clean, wet ferrotype plates. Squeegee the prints into close contact
with the plates and allow them to dry.
NOTICE: The sensitometric curves and
data in this publication represent product tested under the conditions
of exposure and processing specified. They are representative of production
coatings, and therefore do not apply directly to a particular box or roll
of photographic material. They do not represent standards or specifications
that must be met by Eastman Kodak Company. The company reserves the right
to change and improve product characteristics at any time.
Treatment with a toner extends the life of prints
that may be exposed to oxidizing gases or subjected to adverse storage
or display conditions. KODAK Toners will protect prints whether or not
they produce a tone shift.
For more information on toning, see KODAK Publication
G-23, Toning KODAK Black-and-White Materials. It explains the technique
of toning, and describes Kodak toners and their effects on Kodak black-and-white
papers and films.
||Tone Shift with KODAK Toners