Black and White Paper Guide
 
 
KODAK PANALURE SELECT RC Paper 

This is a new panchromatic, developer-incorporated, projection-speed paper designed for making black-and white enlargements (or contact prints with reduced illumination) from color negatives. It is available in three contrast grades for use in a broad variety of applications and to accommodate a wide range of scene contrasts and negative quality The L grade (for printing negatives of high contrast) is especially useful in portrait and school photography The M grade (for printing negatives of average contrast) is useful in portraiture, photojournalism, and commercial and industrial photography The H grade (for printing negatives of low contrast) is useful to the photojournalist. 

PANALURE SELECT RC Paper offers the following advantages over the older KODAK PANALURE Papers: greater emulsion consistency; better storage stability; improved sharpness; and increased maximum density in the M and H contrast grades. With improved spectral sensitivity the paper provides gray-tone rendering of scenes recorded on color negative films that is very similar to that produced by using black-and-white negatives with conventional black-and-white papers. It is optimized to give the best possible panchromatic tone rendition when you expose it with tungsten or tungsten-halogen lamps without filters. 

Although PANALURE SELECT RC Paper is designed for making prints from color negatives, you can also use it to print black-and-white negatives. 
You can process this paper in the KODAK ROYALPRINT Processor, Model 417, with KODAK ROYALPRINT Chemicals; in the KODAK DEKTOMATIC 65 Paper Processor, the KODAK POLYMAX Processor, other roller-transport processors, or continuous processors with KODAK DEKTOMATIC Developer and Replenisher or KODAK POLYMAX RT Developer and Replenisher; or in trays. 

 

FEATURES BENEFITS
  • Optimized spectral sensitivity
  • Improved black-and-white tone reproduction from all color negative films
  • Available in 3 contrast grades
  • Suits a wide variety of applications
  • Better contrast-grade separation
  • L contrast grade faster than KODAK PANALURE II RC and PANALURE II Repro RC Papers
  • Improved productivity with certain roll printers
  • White, medium-weight support with incorporated optical brightener
  • Clean, crisp whites
  • Added brilliance
  • Resin-coated, water- resistant base
  • Rapid processing, fast drying, and minimum curl
  • Incorporated developing agent
  • Activation processing
  • Specially coated on back
  • Good writing surface and easy interleaving during tray processing
  • Improved emulsion uniformity and storage stability
  • More consistency within emulsions, and from emulsion to emulsion
  • Less time required for emulsion-crossover testing
BASE AND SURFACE CHARACTERISTICS 
 
Surtace Texture Base 
Tint
Base 
Weight
F, Glossy Smooth White Medium
SAFELIGHT RECOMMENDATIONS 
For critical applications, use a KODAK 13 Safelight Filter (amber) in a suitable safelight lamp with a bulb of 7'/a watts or less at least 4 feet (1.2 metres) from the paper. For some applications, you can use a 15-watt bulb with a KODAK 13 Safelight Filter, depending on darkroom design and safelight location. Minimize safelight exposure to avoid unwanted quality changes. Excessive safelight exposure will lower paper contrast or affect gray-tone reproduction of colors before creating significant fog density Be especially careful if you use other types of safelights. See KODAK Publication No. K-4, How Safe is Your Safelight?, for information on safelight testing. 

STORAGE Store paper in a cool, dry place (preferably at or below 
70 F [21 C] and at a relative humidity of 30 to 50 percents. High temperatures or high humidity may produce undesirable changes. Protect paper from radioactive material or x-ray equipment. Rewrap unused paper in the original or equivalent packaging material for protection from light and moisture. 
EXPOSURE 
Light Sources 
This paper is designed primarily for use with tungsten or tungsten-halogen enlarging lamps. * You can use other light sources such as cool-white fluorescent lamps, mercury-vapor lamps, and cathode-ray tubes, but you may need to use correction filters. For best results, make tests to determine the optimum filtration for each light source. 
Other light sources and color negatives that have been exposed under special conditions may require filters for more realistic panchromatic gray-tone rendering. 
Use KODAK Color Compensating Filters or KODAK WRATTEN Gelatin Filters to obtain results other than the usual panchromatic rendering. To lighten a subject color, use a filter of the same color as the subject; to darken a subject color, use a filter of a color complemen tary to the subject color. The effect is the same as that obtained by using colored filters over the camera lens to make photographs on black-and-white film. For example, a yellow filter will lighten yellows and darken blues. A cyan filter will lighten cyans and darken reds. However, using a cyan filter also has a significant secondary effect: It will slightly increase the contrast of any grade of PANALURE SELECT RC Paper tIf you use filters in critical work, focus the image with the filter in place. To decrease contrast without introducing fog, you can use a very low level white-light uniform preflash. 

Paper Speed 
 
Contrast Grade L M H
ISO Paper Speed 1000 800 500
Starting-Point Exposures 
 
For This 
Negative Contrast
 Use This 
 Paper Grade 
 
 With This 
 Trial Exposure  
(Seconds) at f/11
High 
Average 
Low


H

4.5 
7
*Typical exposure times for a color negative (using approximately 3/4-footcandle [8 lux] illumination at the easel measured without a negative in the enlarger). 

Note: For information on how to set up color roll printers to print on PANALURE SELECT RC Paper, write to the Kodak Information Center (KICK, Eastman Kodak Company Rochester, New York 14650-0811. 



* Certain enlargers that are designed for printing black-and-white negatives on variable-contrast black-and-white papers have enlarger heads with built-in color filters to control print contrast. You must remove these filters before printing color negatives on PANALURE SELECT RC Paper, because proper black-and-white tone reproduction with this paper requires a white-light exposure. See the owner's manual for your enlarger. for instructions on setting up the enlarger to print color negatives on panchromatic black-and-white paper. You may need to purchase a conversion kit. Contact the enlarger manufacturer or a photo dealer if you need more information. 

tPrint graininess will also increase. 


PROCESSING 
Machine 
For rapid processing of this paper, you can use the KODAK ROYALPRINT Processor, Model 417, with KODAK ROYALPRINT Chemicals. 
You can also process this paper in the KODAK DEKTOMATIC 65 Paper Processor, the KODAK POLYMAX Processor, and in other roller-transport and continuous processors that use conventional developers. We recommend KODAK DEKTOMATIC Developer and Replenisher or KODAK POLYMAX RT Developer and Replenisher for these applications. 

Tray 
Develop at 68 F (20 C) with continuous agitation: 
 
KODAK 
Developer
Dilution Time 
 (min)
Range 
(min)
Capacity 
(8 x 10-Inch 
Prints per 
Gallon/Litre)
DEKTOL 
EKTAFLO, Type1 
EKTONOL*
1:2 
1:9 
1:1
1 
1 
1/2
3/4 to 2 
3/4 to 2 
3/4 to 2
120/32 
120/32 
120/32
*Provides greater development latitude. Do not use EKTONOL Developer diluted to 1 to 3. 

 
Rinse, fix, wash, and dry according to the instructions packaged with the paper. 

STORAGE AND DISPLAY OF PRINTS 

Use KODAK Toners to extend the life of prints that may be exposed to oxidizing gases or subjected to adverse storage or display conditions. KODAK Toners will protect prints whether or not they produce a tone shift. 

TONING 
 
Processing Tone Shift with  KODAK Toners
Full Moderate Slight None
KODAK 
ROYALPRINT 
Processor
Sepia Brown 
 
 
POLY-TONER 
(1:4) 
(1:24) 
(1:50) 
 
 Rapid 
Selenium 
 (1:3) 
(1:9) 
(:20)
Tray 
or Rapid 
(DEKTOL 
Developer)
 Sepia POLY-TONER 
(1:24) 
(1:50) 
or  
Brown
POLY-TONER 
 (1:4) 
or 
Rapid 
Selenium 
(1:3) 
(1:9)
Rapid 
Selenium 
(1:20)
  
 

KODAK PANALURE SELECT RC Paper CHARACTERISTIC CURVES

 
L Contrast Grade 

L Contrast Grade* 

'*These characteristic curves represent the black-and-white images produced from three separate exposures through red, green, and blue filters. The "R;' "G;' and "B" designations on the curves indicate the colors of the filters, not the colors of the images produced by dye layers, as with color papers. 
 
 
M Contrast Grade 

H Contrast Grade 


 
 
M Contrast Grade* 

H Contrast Grade* 

 
NOTICE: The sensitometric curves and data in this publication represent product tested under the conditions of exposure and processing specified. They are representative of production coatings, and therefore do not apply directly to a particular box or roll of photographic material. They do not represent standards or specifications that must be met by Eastman Kodak Company. The company reserves the right to change and improve product characteristics at any time. 
 
 
Artzone Index We express our gratitude to * Kodak (Near East) Inc. for giving to us the permission to present the above material. 


Concept and Design by Elias Eliadis 
Copyright 1998 Black & White Art Zone. All Rights Reserved.  
First published date 15 July 1998  

 

Paperzone Index
 
* Kodak (Near East) Inc.   
P.O.Box 8253, Athens 100 10 Greece    
Tel: +301 6898620 Fax: +301 6898635