KODAK POLYMAX Fiber PAP
KODAK POLYMAX Fiber Paper is a high-speed, single weight, black-and-white,
enlarging paper with a fiber base. Able to accommodate an extended range
of negative contrasts, and exhibiting excellent tone reproduction,
this paper is ideal for commercial, advertising, and display applications.
This selective-contrast paper has a wide contrast range that you can
control with filters such as KODAK POLYMAX Filters. The paper yields exceptional
highlight detail and shadow separation. It is a projection-speed paper
suitable for enlarging or contact printing, and is intended primarily for
tray processing. Your prints will exhibit bright whites and a neutral image
tone when processed in KODAK POLYMAX T Developer or KODAK DEKTOL Developer.
It is available in F and N surfaces in a variety of sheet and roll
Good highlight tone reproduction
More detail in highlights
Good separation among shadow tones
Enhances performance of KODAK T-MAX Professional Films
Film and paper combination capable of handling higher original-scene luminance
Optimized for tone reproduction
Accurate low-contrast tone reproduction
Better prints from contrasty negatives
Exceptional print quality
Very wide contrast range with KODAK POLYMAX Filters
Accommodates much wider range of negatives with POLYMAX -1 and 5+ Filters
Crisp, clean whites
Tolerant of processing variations
Less control needed during tray processing
BASE AND SURFACE CHARACTERISTICS
* When ferrotyped. This paper dries with a smooth lustre
when dried on screens, blotters, or non-ferrotyping dryers.
Use a KODAK OC Safelight Filter (light amber) in a suitable safelight
lamp with a bulb of 15 watts or less at least 4 feet (1.2 metres) from
the paper. Minimize safelight exposure to avoid unwanted quality changes.
Be especially careful if you use other types of safelights.
Note: Do not use a KODAK OA Safelight Filter (greenish gellow).
See KODAK Publication No. K-4, How Safe Is Your Safelight? for
information on safelight testing.
STORAGE AND HANDLING
Store paper in a cool, dry place (preferably at or below 70F [21C]
and at a relative humidity of 30 to 50 percent). High temperatures or high
humidity may produce undesirable changes. Always rewrap unused paper in
its original packaging (the outer box as well as the bag) to protect it
from light and moisture. Avoid or shield the paper from exposure to radioactivity
Expose this paper with tungsten or tungsten-halogen enlarger lamps,
and automatic printers. You can use other light sources, such as cool-white
fluorescent lamps, mercury-vapor lamps, or cathode-ray tubes but you may
need to use correction filters in addition to the filters for contrast
control. For best results, make test prints to determine the optimum filtration
for each light source.
If you use a subtractive color-head enlarger with dichroic filters,
magenta and yellow filtration may not be sufficient to achieve the highest
and lowest contrast the paper can deliver. In this circumstance, use the
white light mode
(if available) and POLYMAX 5+ and -1 Filters.
To achieve the widest possible contrast range with this paper, use
KODAK POLYMAX Filters. These filters provide twelve contrast increments
with improved contrast spacing with this paper.
You can use the POLYMAX Filter Set above or below the enlarger lens.
The POLYMAX Filter Kit is similar to the set except it's mounted in plastic
filter mounts. You can use these filters below the enlarger lens. They
are supplied in a hinged plastic box with a filter holder and adapters
to fasten the holder to the red filter post or to the lens.
If you already have the 11-filter KODAK POLYCONTRAST II Filter Kits
or Sets, you will only need to purchase two new filters (POLYMAX Filters
-1 and 5+) to upgrade your set. Add the POLYMAX Filter -1 to your current
set of POLYCONTRAST II Filters, and substitute the POLYMAX 5+ Filter for
the old POLYCONTRAST II Filter 5. You can also use other manufacturers'
filters with this paper, but results may not be the same. For critical
applications, make tests to determine the paper contrast.
The filter kit, filter sets, and filter upgrade sets (to upgrade the
former POLYCONTRAST II Filters to the newer POLYMAX Filters) are available
from dealers who supply Kodak professional products. See the following
tables for the correct catalog numbers. Contact Kodak if you need more
Note: Use gelatin contrast-control filters below the lens (between
the lens and paper). Acetate filters made by Kodak and other manufacturers
should go above the lens (between the light source and the negative).
Filter Kit and Sets
KODAK POLYMAX Filters (12 Filters)
CAT 365 6212
(90 x 90 mm)
CAT 365 7699
(150 x 150 mm)
CAT 366 1949;
(300 x 350 mm)
CAT 365 7798*
* Special order
KODAK POLYMAX Filters -1 and 5+ (2 filters)
to upgrade the former 11-filter
KODAK POLYCONTRAST II
Kits and Sets t
CAT 365 4779
former Filter Kit)
CAT 364 9027
former Filter Set
[90 x 90 mm])
CAT 366 0677
former Filter Set
[150 x 150 mm])
t Made before May 1992
ISO PAPER SPEED AND RANGE-Processed in KODAK DEKTOL
Developer at 68F (20C) for 90 seconds.
* These numbers indicate the relative ISO ranges of different contrasts
produced with KODAK POLYMAX Filters. The ranges were calculated from
the log exposure ranges of the paper. You can use them as guides
for selecting the appropriate paper contrast for the density range
of a specific negative. When the ISO range of the paper approximately equals
100 times the density range of the negative,the contrast of the print will
usually be satisfactory. (For convenience,the log exposure ranges have
been multiplied by 100 so that the ISO ranges are expressed as whole numbers.)
The contrast you choose
(F and N Surfaces)
will also depend on the nature of the subject.
FILTRATION VALUES FOR COMMON BLACK-AND WHITE AND COLOR ENLARGERS
The contrast of selective grade papers is adjustable through changes
in the color of the light exposing the paper. Because enlarger lamps and
filters can vary from one manufacturer or model to the next, the contrast
performance of POLYMAX Fiber Paper can also vary depending upon the equipment
ANSI standards define a contrast method called "Log Exposure Range"
(LER). Kodak relates LER to paper grade numbers to classify seven degrees
of contrast. You can use the information in the following chart as a guide
for selecting the filtration required to achieve a desired paper grade
when printing with some commonly available color and black-and-white enlargers.
The age of the lamp and the condition of the filters can affect the
contrast you will actually achieve. Use the data in the chart as a starting
point only. If you cannot obtain as high a contrast as indicated in the
chart, you may have to replace the magenta filter. Compared to yellow filters,
magenta filters are more susceptible to fading caused by heat.
The data for the chart was generated by placing a step tablet in contact
with the paper on the easel. Slightly different results are obtained using
a step tablet at the negative gate.
KODAK POLYMAX Fiber Paper Grade Numbers for Various
Tray, KODAK DEKTOL Developer (1:2) 90 sec., 68F (20C)
Examples: With a SUPER CHROMEGA D Enlarger (color head),
you can obtain paper grade 1 with 90Y dichroic filtration. To obtain paper
grade 0, dial in 165Y filtration.
With the same enlarger, if you dial out all filtration to give white
light, using a POLYMAX 5+ Filter will yield paper grade 5.
This paper is intended primarily for tray processing. Do not process
this paper in the KODAK ROYALPRINT Processor, Model 417; KODAK DEKTOMATIC
65 Processor; KODAK POLYMAX IR Processor, or similar roller-transport processors.
You can machine-process roll formats of this paper in continuous type
processors if the wash cycles are adequate for single-weight, fiber-base
Tray develop with continuous agitation at 68F (20C), using the
appropriate dilution and development time recommended in the following
* Not available in all countries.
(8 x 10-inch
|Stop Bath-65 to 75F. (18 to 24C)
|Fixer/Replenisher (single bath)#-65 to 75F (18
|Nonhardening fixer (for general printing and for
Solution A (do not
use Solution B)
|Hardening fixers (for general printing and mechanized
(Solution A and B)
|With Washing Aid-65 to 75F (18 to 24C):
|Without Washing Aid-50 to 86F (10 to 30C):
t Discard the solution when color changes to a purplish blue.
# To increase capacity, use two fixing baths.
$ A hardening fixer may improve release on ferrotyping drums.
Bathe prints for at least 15 seconds at 65 to 75F (18 to 24C)
with continuous agitation in KODAK EKTAFLO Stop Bath, KODAK Indicator Stop
Bath, or 48 mL KODAK 28% Acetic Acid and water to make 1 L.
With EKTAFLO or Indicator Stop Bath, discard the solution when the
color changes to a purplish blue. Change Acetic Acid and water stop bath
after approximately twenty 8 x 10-inch prints per litre (eighty 8 x lOs
Fix prints at 65 to 75F (18 to 24C) with frequent agitation. With KODAK
POLYMAX T Fixer or KODAK Rapid Fixer, if you use two fixing baths, fix
prints for 2 1/2 minutes in each bath, draining for 5 seconds between baths.
Fix for 5 minutes if you use a single bath.
With KODAK Fixer or KODAFIX Solution, if you use two fixing baths,
fix prints for 5 minutes in each bath, draining for 5 seconds between baths.
Fix for 10 minutes if you use a single bath.
Note: Using a hardening fixer makes toning less efficient. For
the same amount of processing time, you'll see less of a toning effect.
Wash for at least 1 hour in running water at 50 to 86F
(10 to 30C), interleaving the prints carefully and frequently. The
wash-water flow rate should provide at least one complete change of water
in the container every 5 minutes. The KODAK Automatic Tray Siphon provides
proper movement and agitation during washing.
Avoid prolonged washing or soaking times to minimize physical damage
to the prints and to maintain the effect of the optical brightener in the
To reduce time and conserve water, use KODAK Hypo Clearing Agent before
washing. Transfer the prints, with or without a previous rinse, to the
clearing agent. With Hypo Clearing Agent, wash for 10 minutes with agitation
and normal water flow.
Remove as much surface water as possible from prints and dry prints
in a dust-free place. Place prints face down on cheesecloth, fiberglass,
or plastic screen racks; between photo blotters; or on a belt dryer.
For glossy prints made on F-surface paper, transfer the wet prints
directly from the wash to a ferrotype dryer (glazing machine) or to clean,
wet ferrotype plates. Squeegee the prints into close contact with the plates
and allow them to dry.
KODAK POLYMAX Fiber Paper, F Surface KODAK POLYMAX Filters
NOTICE: The sensitometric curves and data in this
publication represent product tested under the conditions of exposure and
processing specified. They are representative of production coatings and
therefore do not apply directly to a particular box or roll of photographic
material. They do not represent standards or specifications that must be
met by Eastman Kodak Company. The company reserves the right to change
and improve product characteristics at any time.
Treatment with a toner extends the life of prints that may be exposed
to oxidizing gases or subjected to adverse storage or display conditions.
KODAK Toners will protect prints whether or not they produce a tone shift.
For more information on toning, see KODAK Publication G-23, Toning KODAK
Black-and-White Materials. It explains the technique of toning, and describes
Kodak toners and their effects on Kodak black-and-white papers and films.
||Tone Shift with KODAK Toners
Kodak has many publications to assist you with information on
Kodak products, equipment, and materials. The following pamphlets are available
from Kodak through the order form in KODAK Publication No. L-l, KODAK Index
to Photographic Information. To obtain a copy of L-1, send your
request with $ 1 to Eastman Kodak Company, Department 412-L, Rochester,
New York 14650-0532.
G-23 Toning KODAK Black-and-White Materials
G-24 KODAK POLYMAX Fine-Art Paper
K-4 How Safe Is Your Safelight?
The following book is available from photo-specialty dealers who
sell Kodak products:
R-20 KODAK Black-and-White DATAGUIDE
Kodak, Dataguide, Dektol, Dektomatic, Ektafio, Kodafix, Poly-Toner,
Polycontrast, Polymax, Royalprint, and T-Max are trademarks.