NEW SEAGULL SELECT VC-FB
New Seagull Select VC-FB
By using filters, it is possible to control the tones of the finished
New Seagull Select VC-FB with this variable contrast print paper. With
one type of paper, it is possible to handle a broad range of tones (#0~#5).
Similar to New Seagull G which has gained world-wide acclaim,
you can reproduce intense white and deep black images. The product
is made using baryta paper which will produce elegant prints and can be
used for original prints and commercial photographs and works
especially well for print archiving.
15W bulbs should be used. A Kodak OC or a Ilford 5902 Safelight filter
are recommended. The safelight should be at least 1 .2 meter from the bed
of the enlarger or developer. After exposure, be careful not to expose
the emulsion side of the print to light.
In the case of VC-FB, a tungsten or halogen light source can be used.
VC-FB is designed to be usable with a dichroic color head. A magenta light
source produces a high contrast and a yellow light source produces low
contrast. When using your own dichroic head, do some testing before making
a final decision on level of contrast.(Table 1)
Correct exposure times depend on the characteristics of the negatives
being printed. To get good final prints, test prints at various exposure
levels should be made first.
Exposure times depend on the type of filter being used. For filters
ranging from #0 to 3 1/2, prints can be made at about the same exposure
times. For #4~#5 filters, exposure times should be 1 .5 times that used
for the other filters.
When using a cool light head, adjustment must be made for the light
source and the photographic paper by using adding a Kodak CC Filter-40Y
Sensitivity and gradient
|P100 - 400
||R 60 - 160
Standard processing conditions
||about 90 min.
||Natural drying or Ferro-type dryer
For VC-FB paper, it is possible to use almost all commercially available
developing solutions (D-72, etc.). The developing conditions depend on
the chemicals and dilution level of the developer. Care should be taken
to avoid over-developing which raises the fog and lowers contrast.
For the stop bath, a solution of 1 .5% of glacial acetic acid is used.
Time: 15 to 30 seconds.
|Glacial acetic acid
Prepared fixer is recommended but, if you are preparing your own fixer,
either use an acid hardening fixer containing sodium thiosulfate (hypo)
or a rapid fixer containing ammonium thiosulfate.
Prints should be washed for 90 minutes. While they are in the bath,
take care that the prints do not become placed one on top of the other.
If you use a hypo-cleaning agent, washing time can be reduced by half.
For shortening washing time, after fixing, wash in running water for five
minutes. Then use 2% anhydrous sodium sulfite solution at 20 C for 2~3
minutes and wash in running water for 45 minutes.
For drying VC-FB prints, natural drying should be used. If you are
using a Ferro-type dryer, set it at a temperature below 50 C.
VC-FB prints can be toned using in a wide variety of ways. If the objective
is to store photographic images for long periods of time, selenium toners
Types of paper
Always store photographic paper in a cool, dry place. It is also effective
to put a desiccant in a package which has been opened to keep the paper
The paper should be used quickly after the package has been opened.
Be careful to avoid exposing the paper for long periods to a safelight,
or letting the emulsion side come into contact with fingers.
(Table 1)Comparison of filters and light sources
Use 47B to obtain maximum contrast
|Kodak CC Filter
D5500 Color Head
||1 1 /2