Black and White Paper Guide
RP Paper

New Seagull Select VC-RP
By using filters, it is possible to control the tones of the finished New Seagull Select VC-RP prints with this variable-contrast paper. With one type of paper, it is possible to handle a broad range of tones (#0~#5). New Seagull Select VC-RP is protected top and bottom by thin polyethylene, processing agents do not penetrate into the paper and wash times are dramatically shortened, making it a high-efficiency product. Also fast drying and excellent flatness make it suitable as general-purpose printing paper.

15W bulbs should be used and Kodak OC or a Ilford 5902 Safelight filter are recommended. The safelight should be at least 1 .2 meter from the bed of the enlarger or developer. After exposure, be careful not to expose the emulsion side of the print to light.

Light source
In the case of VC-RP, a tungsten or halogen light source can be used. VC-RP is designed to be usable with a dichroic color head. A magenta light source produces a high contrast and a yellow light source produces low contrast. When using your own dichroic color head, do some testing before making a final decision on level of contrast. (Table 1 )

Correct exposure times depend on the type of the light source of an enlarger and the characteristics of the negatives being printed. To get good final prints, test prints at various exposure levels should be made first.
Exposure times depend on the type of filter being used. For filters ranging from #0 to 3 1/2, prints can be made at almost the same exposure times. For #4~#5 filters, exposure times should be 1 .5 times that used for the other filters. When using a cool light head, adjustment must be made for the light source and the photographic paper by using adding a Kodak CC Filter-40Y.

Sensitivity and gradient
ISO Speed ISO Range
P125 - 400 R50 - 120

Standard processing conditions
Process Processing temperature Processing time
Development 20+_ 0.5 C 60~90 sec.
Stop bath 15~25 C 5~15 sec.
Fixing 15~25 C 3~5 min.
Washing 15~25 C 5~10 min.
Drying 60~70C 30~60 sec.

For VC-RP printing paper, it is possible to use almost all commercially available developing solutions (D-72, etc.). The developing conditions depend on the chemicals and dilution level of the developer. Care should be taken to avoid over-developing which raises the fog and lowers contrast. VC-RP is applicable to both dish development and automatic development using an auto processor. 

Stop bath
For the stop bath, a solution of 1 .5% of glacial acetic acid is used. Time: 15 to 30 seconds.
Water 1 liter
Glacial acetic acid 15 ml

Prepared fixer is recommended but, if you are preparing your own fixer, either use an acid hardening fixer containing sodium thiosulfate (hypo) or a rapid fixer containing ammonium thiosulfate. To make sure the prints will develop uniformly and not be affected by contaminants in the developer, the prints should be shaken in the developer. Keep the total fixing time to ten minutes or less. If the fixing time is too long, there is a risk that the tone balance will degrade.
The washing process can be finished in about five minutes by washing in water while stirring. The stirring should not be to strong since the corners of the prints may be damaged. If the washing is continued for too long a time, the surface of the prints may become rough.

Types of paper
Type Base paper  Weight Texture Tint Image tone
PR-F RP paper Medium Glossy, smooth White Jet black
Drying is carried out using a hair dryer. It is also possible to dry the prints naturally if they can be placed in a location where there is sufficient air circulation.
High-temperature processing conditions New Seagull VC-RP has the properties which make it well-suited for high-speed processing.

Storage and treatment
Always store photographic paper in a cool, dry place. It is also effective to put a desiccant in a package which has been opened to keep the paper dry.
The paper should be used quickly after the package has been opened. Be careful to avoid exposing the paper for long periods to a safelight, or letting the emulsion side come into contact with fingers.

(Table 1)Comparison of filters and light sources
VC Filter
Ilford Multiple
Grade Filter
Kodak CC Filter Durst Omega
D5500 Color Head
0 0 80Y 110Y
1 /2 1 /2 55Y 90Y
1 1 30Y 70Y
1 1 /2  1 1 /2 15Y 30Y
2 2 0 0
2 1/2  2 1/2 25M 30M
3 3 40M 45M
3 1/2 3 1/2 65M 55M
4 4 100M 95M
4 1/2 4 1/2 150M 130M
5 5 200M 170M
Use 47B to obtain maximum contrast

Characteristics curve
Spectral sensitivity




Artzone Index We express our gratitude to * Oriental Photo Co Europe for giving to us the permission to present the above material. 

Concept and Design by Elias Eliadis
Copyright 1998 Black & White Art Zone. All Rights Reserved. 
First published date 31 August 1998 


Paperzone Index
* Oriental Photo Co Europe.  

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